Common european currency

The symbol of the euro

The euro is the official currency of the Eurozone: 16 of the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU) and is the currency used by the EU institutions. The eurozone consists of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. Estonia is due to join the eurozone on 1 January 2011. The currency is also used in a further five European countries, with and without formal agreements, and is consequently used daily by some 327 million Europeans. Over 175 million people worldwide use currencies which are pegged to the euro, including more than 150 million people in Africa.



The euro is the second largest reserve currency (a status it inherited from the German mark) as well as the second most traded currency in the world after the U.S. dollar. As of June 2010, with more than €800 billion in circulation, the euro is the currency with the highest combined value of banknotes and coins in circulation in the world, having surpassed the U.S. dollar. Based on IMF estimates of 2008 GDP and purchasing power parity among the various currencies, the eurozone is the second largest economy in the world.

The name euro was officially adopted on 16 December 1995. The euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit (ECU) at a ratio of 1:1. Euro coins and banknotes entered circulation on 1 January 2002.

Euro Coin pictures & specifications

Bi-colour



Euro coin image
The edge of the 2 euros coin
2 €
Diameter (mm): 25.75
Thickness (mm): 2.20
Weight (g): 8.50
Shape: Round
Colour: Outer part: white; inner part: yellow
Composition: Outer part: copper-nickel; inner part: three layers: nickel brass, nickel, nickel brass
Edge: Edge lettering, fine milled

Euro coin image
The edge of the 1 euro coin
1 €
Diameter (mm): 23.25
Thickness (mm): 2.33
Weight (g): 7.50
Shape: Round
Colour: Outer part: yellow; inner part: white
Composition: Outer part: nickel brass; inner part: three layers: copper-nickel, nickel, copper-nickel
Edge: Interrupted milled

Nordic Gold



Euro coin image
The edge of the 50 cents coin
50 cents
Diameter (mm): 24.25
Thickness (mm): 2.38
Weight (g): 7.80
Shape: Round
Colour: Yellow
Composition: Nordic gold
Edge: Shaped edge with fine scallops

Euro coin image
The edge of the 20 cents coin
20 cents
Diameter (mm): 22.25
Thickness (mm): 2.14
Weight (g): 5.74
Shape: Spanish flower shape
Colour: Yellow
Composition: Nordic gold
Edge: Plain

Euro coin image
The edge of the 10 cents coin
10 cents
Diameter (mm): 19.75
Thickness (mm): 1.93
Weight (g): 4.10
Shape: Round
Colour: Yellow
Composition: Nordic gold
Edge: Shaped edge with fine scallops

Coppered steel



Euro coin image
The edge of the 5 cents coin
5 cents
Diameter (mm): 21.25
Thickness (mm): 1.67
Weight (g): 3.92
Shape: Round
Colour: Red
Composition: Copper-covered steel
Edge: Smooth

Euro coin image
The edge of the 2 cents coin
2 cents
Diameter (mm): 18.75
Thickness (mm): 1.67
Weight (g): 3.06
Shape: Round
Colour: Red
Composition: Copper-covered steel
Edge: Smooth with a groove

Euro coin image
The edge of the 1 cent coin
1 cent
Diameter (mm): 16.25
Thickness (mm): 1.67
Weight (g): 2.27
Shape: Round
Colour: Red
Composition: Copper covered steel
Edge: Smooth

Reading a coin

reading a coin

Common face

common face

The edges

the edges

Coin displayed national side up

coin displayed

Suggestions of designs for the common face

designs

source: www.collect2euros.fr



Euro coins that never were

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